One of the key obligations on Muslims during the Holy month of Ramadan is to donate Fitrana on or before the morning of Eid-ul-Fitr.
Fitrana is a small sum of money per person which is given prior to Eid Salah to enable those in need to celebrate the completion of the auspicious month and join in the festivities of Eid-ul-Fitr. Fitrana, also known as Zakat-ul-Fitr, is the sum of £5 per person and is compulsory for all Muslims regardless of age or status. The only individuals exempt from paying Fitrana are those who do not have over approximately 2kg of staple food in excess of their needs.
Fitrana can be paid during the Holy month of Ramadan as long as payment is made prior to the congregational prayers on the morning of Eid-ul-Fitr. Any payment submitted after Eid Salah is invalid.
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Every Muslim is obliged to make a payment of Fitrana at the end of Ramadan as a token of their thankfulness to Allah (SWT) and all that He has given them. This payment ensures that all followers of Islam can celebrate Eid, the festival of breaking the fast, along with other Muslims around the world.
“The Prophet of Allah enjoined Zakat-ul-Fitr on those who fast to shield them from any indecent act or speech, and for the purpose of providing food for the needy.
It is accepted as Zakat for the one who pays it before the `Eid prayer, and it is Sadaqah for the one who pays it after the prayer.”
Abu Dawood – Eng. transl. vol. 2, p. 421, no. 1605 – rated Sahih
The time frame in which Fitrana must be paid is a relatively short period, beginning from sunset on the final day of fasting in the Holy month of Ramadan to just after sunrise on the following day at the beginning of Eid prayers. Payment, however, can be made before this period with companions of the Prophet (Sahabah) having paid Sadaqah-ul-Fitr days before the beginning of Eid.
Payment was opened up from the middle of Ramadan as word of the Qur’an travelled far and wide to ensure that Fitrana payments would be received by all beneficiaries on the day of Eid. Failure to make this payment before Eid prayers are performed is a sin which cannot be made up for.
The Holy Prophet SAW has made the charity of Fitr obligatory one saa of barley or one saa of dates for every Muslim, free or slave, male or female. ( Bukhari)
The word Fitrana derived from the Arabic word "فطر " which means to originate, tendencies from birth, or innate nature. When we use it in the context of Ramadan the word "افطار" the evening meal breaks every day’s Fast during Ramadan is best choice.
Fitrana is a key charity given to the poor at the end of the Ramadan so they manage Eid expenditures, good food and better clothing for the family.
The payment of Fitrana (or Zakat-ul-Fitr) is only permitted to any of the eight groups mentioned in the Surat Al-Tawbah, which are:
Fitrana can only be paid to those listed above and cannot be used for the intention of building new Mosques or schools.
The Holy Prophet enjoined Fitra charity on Muslims a saa of dates or a saa of barley upon every slave and free man, male and female, young and old, and ordered that it should be paid before the people go out for performing ( Eid-u-Fitar )prayer. ( Bukhari )
Fitrana is compulsory on all Muslims regardless of their status or age. The very poor Muslims those who don’t even have approximately 2kg of essential food are exempted from paying Fitrana.
An old man who was not able to perform fasting in Ramadan due to serious illness or old age is not exempted from paying Fitrana.
The head of the family can also pay Fitrana for his kids, servants and dependents.
The time is limited in this charity Fitrana becomes obligatory from sunset on the last day of Ramadan and remains obligatory until the Eid prayer. It can be paid a couple of days before Eid as many companions of The Holy Prophet used to give Fitrana in Ramadan.
Hazrat ibn Umar would give those people who would accept it and he used to pay it one or two days before the day of Eid-ul-Fitar. ( Bukhari )
The Holy Prophet SAW enjoined Fitra charity on those who fast to shield them from any indecent act or speech, and for the purpose of providing food for needy.whoever pays it before the (Eid) prayer it is an accepted zaka, and whoever pays it after the prayer it is (ordinary) charity of the charities.
( Abu Dawud )
Every Muslim is bound to pay Fitrana at the end of the month of Ramadan as an exchange of gratitude that Allah SWT blessed and enabled him to observe fasting of Ramadan. It’s also a purification for the fasting person from all his bad deeds.
Anas bin Malik narrates from The Holy Prophet SAW, “The fasting of the month of Ramadan will be hanging between earth and heavens and it will not be raised up unless the charity of fitar is paid”.
( kunzul Umaal )