Qurbani is the religious sacrifice of sheep, goats & cattle between the 10th, 11th and 12th days of Dhul Hijjah, the final month of the Islamic calendar.
It is a sacred act to honour the tradition of the blessed Prophet Ibrahim (as) and Ismail (as) and their story of sacrifice and devotion to Allah (SWT). Sacrificed meat is distributed among the poor and needy across the globe.
The meaning of Qurbani comes from the account in the Holy Qu’ran which describes the sacrifice made by the Prophet Ibrahim (S.A) atop Mount Arafat.
The Qu’ran records that the Prophet Ibrahim (S.A) had a deep and vivid dream that could have only come from the lips of Allah (SWT) himself. Following this encounter, Ibrahim (S.A) knew he had been instructed to take the life of his son Hazrat Ishmael (S.A) as a divine and holy sacrifice. Both Hazrat Ishmael (S.A) and Ibrahim (S.A) submitted to the will of Allah (SWT) and went to the top of the mountain. Yet in the most vital last moment, Allah (SWT) performed a miracle, moved Hazrat Ishmael (S.A) to safety, and replaced him with a beast.
Eid al-Adha is the celebration of this supreme act of submission to Allah (SWT), and Qurbani is the remembrance of the specific moment.
Donating your Qurbani can provide meat to people living in some of the most disadvantaged and remote regions of the world, where many people are suffering from poverty and starvation. The aim is to provide these people and their communities with enough food so that they, too, can enjoy Eid al-Adha along with millions of their Muslim brothers and sisters.
After fulfilling his obligation, the Prophet (saw) gave an additional Qurbani in the name of the Muslims who could not afford to do so. We encourage all of our donors to revive this forgotten Sunnah and help more needy people.
‘The Prophet (saw) sacrificed for the one who could not sacrifice from his Ummah, one who bore witness to the Oneness of Allah and [his] Prophethood’ [Tabarani and Ahmad].
It is recommended for the one who wants to offer a sacrifice, once the new moon of Dhul Hijjah appears (i.e. on the 1st of Dhul Hijjah), not to remove anything from his hair, nails or skin until he has offered the sacrifice.
All animals for Qurbani must be in good health and free from any problems with their eyes, bones, and limbs. All our Qurbani animals are well cared for and thoroughly checked to ensure they are suitable.
This is a very important question because not all animals are eligible for Qurbani, and even then, there are some restrictions as to whether a particular animal can be sacrificed for Qurbani. Animals that are eligible for Qurbani are:
Goats (at least one-year-old)
Sheep (at least one-year-old)
Bulls, cows or buffalo (two years old minimum)
Camels (five years old minimum)
The animals can be either male or female. However, there are some further restrictions. Any animal sacrificed for Qurbani should have no injuries, disabilities, or broken bones, including its horns. In addition, when the animal is sacrificed, the sacrifice must be Halal
There is flexibility when it comes to Qurbani. Qurbani animals have shares, and an individual needs only one share to fulfil their ritual obligation.
A goat or sheep counts as one share - meaning that a single person must buy a goat or sheep in its entirety on their own to perform their Qurbani ritual. All other animals have seven shares, which means that seven people can collectively contribute money, and in return, get their share of the meat.
Qurbani sacrifices happen every year between the morning of the 10th and the sunset of the 13th day of Dhul-Hijjah, the 12th month of the Islamic lunar calendar. This is also the time that the end of Hajj is celebrated.
On the day itself, there are special prayers – Eid Salah – to be spoken before the animal is sacrificed.
Prophet Muhammad (saw) made multiple Qurbanis including a Qurbani on behalf of the Ummah. You too can give a Qurbani on behalf of Prophet Muhammad (saw), we call this the “Prophetic Qurbani”. You can also give Qurbani on behalf of a deceased family member so that they too are rewarded. These will all be in addition to your own Qurbani.
The availability of animals and local preferences determine which animals are slaughtered so it is not possible to specify.
How many people are fed with each Qurbani?
One Qurbani will provide approximately 60 meals. A Qurbani is 1/7 of a large cattle or camel, or a whole sheep or goat. A big cattle cow weighs is around 250-300 kg.
What Does Al Mustafa Welfare Trust Do for Qurbani?
Al Mustafa Welfare Trust makes it possible for disadvantaged Muslims around the world to participate in Qurbani, thanks to the Qurbani donations of their generous brothers and sisters.
These are just a few facts on Qurbani. To find out more about the meaning of Qurbani or to donate with Al Mustafa Welfare Trust, see here.
The Qurbani donation of giving meat to those in need serves to remind us that everything we have is ultimately a gift from Allah (SWT), and thus we must be prepared to sacrifice it to him upon his request. As part of that sacrifice, we may be asked to do things to further his broader will, and a central component of that will is provision for the poor and needy.