Here at Al Mustafa Welfare Trust, we believe it is important to educate and inform those around of us of the work we do. One of our current seasonal campaigns revolves around Qurbani.
Qurbani is the act of sacrificing an animal (a goat, sheep, lamb, cow or camel) on the day of Eid-ul-Adha, after the Eid prayers. It commemorates the sacrifice that Prophet Ibrahim (A.S) was prepared to make of his son Hazrat Ismail (A.S) to show his devotion and dedication to Allah (S.W.T). In Arabic, Qurbani is referred to as Udhiya.
Do I need to do Qurbani every year?
Bar a few exceptions, every sane, able, adult Muslim is required to perform Qurbani every year.
When is Qurbani accomplished?
Qurbani can be performed between the 10th and 12th of Dhu al Hijjah. Ideally, it should be carried out immediately after Eid-ul-Adha prayers.
What animals are eligible for Qurbani?
This is a very important question because not all animals are eligible for Qurbani, and even then, there are some restrictions as to whether an animal can be sacrificed for Qurbani purposes or not.
A goat, lamb, sheep, cow, buffalo, bull or camel are all acceptable forms of sacrifice for Qurbani.
These animals can be either male or female. However, there are a few restrictions relating to this. An animal that is disabled or has a handicap is exempt from Qurbani. There are also age limits. A goat or sheep must be, at the very least, one-year-old to be considered for Qurbani. For cattle, the age limit is two years and for camels, five years.
How many animals do I have to sacrifice?
There is great flexibility available for Muslims when it comes to Qurbani. Qurbani animals have shares, and a person needs only one share to fulfil their ritual obligation.
Goats and sheep count as one share each. This means that one has to buy one goat or sheep in its entirety on their own to perform their Qurbani ritual. All other animals including cows and camels have seven shares – this means that seven people can collectively contribute money, and in return, get their share of the meat.
How is Qurbani distributed?
Qurbani meat is divided into three parts. One is intended for the family; one for the neighbours; and one for those in need. Qurbani serves as an opportunity to bring communities, neighbours, friends and everyone together to celebrate as one Ummah.
The relative lack of poverty in Western countries means that many Muslims prefer to have Qurbani performed on their behalf in poorer countries.
What is the purpose of this sacrifice?
Donating your Qurbani can provide meat to people living in some of the most remote, isolated, and war-torn regions of the world, where many people are suffering from poverty and starvation. The aim is to provide these people and their families with sufficient amounts of food so that they, too, can enjoy Eid-ul-Adha along with millions of other Muslim brothers and sisters.
These are just a few very brief, basic facts on Qurbani. For more information on Qurbani rules or to find out how to donate your Qurbani with Al Mustafa Welfare Trust this 2018, see here.