Somalia suffers from severe water shortage which is one of the main reasons for acute water diarrhoea. Only 29% of the population has access to safe and clean water. Most of these 29% are forced to walk about 20 km in order to get to the water, and others have to sell their belongings in order to be able to buy water. People live in fear of drought as livestock might start to die in large numbers and that would cause villagers to move back to the unstable capital in search for food.

Somalia has a population of around 10 million. Dry savannah plains and the longest coastline in Africa has been the backdrop for over fifteen years of civil war in Somalia. Conflict and instability has inevitably led to widespread poverty and large numbers of refugees and displaced people. Around 43% of the population survives on less than $1 a day and 73 % live on less than $2 per day – food shortages contribute to high rates of malnutrition, especially among children. Only 2 % of Somalia’s land is suitable for arable farming and drought has exacerbated the situation further.

About Somalia

Key Facts

Somalia has a high incidence of tuberculosis and malaria, along with infectious diseases such as acute watery diarrhoea.

In 2011, the plight of the Somali people was exacerbated by the worst drought in six decades, with famine declared in 6 of the 8 regions of South Central Somalia.

How we work

We work with local partners to raise awareness of the significance of water and human health by engaging the local communities. Also, cost effective measures are taken to make clean water in easy reach of local masses.

Our Impact

Al Mustafa Welfare Trust® started its operations in Somalia in 2010 with local partner organisations. We have adopted low cost techniques which can be the best in terms of local needs and resources. We engaged with local communities to participate in the digging and building process of water wells. This helped us reduce the labour cost and the communities felt a sense of pride of taking on such responsibility and ownership. The local people were involved in all stages of the work.

Our aim was to provide long term solutions at very low costs. We also started training local people on how to maintain the water wells and to ensure the long term maintenance of the projects.

In some areas where the need was too urgent and severe, we began supplying clean drinking water to refugees camps through large mobile water tankers. There are 5 areas where our water well projects have undertaken and in some areas completed which include: Southern Bakool, Lower Shabelle, Mogadishu, Karunat Daladda Barakacayaash and Hosh.


Water wells installed

People benefited from water wells and water tanks supply

Ahmed’s Story

Ahmed Ali Omer, 43 years old and father of 5 children from Belet-Alkarim. Read his testimonial below:

The main problem in the area is lack of clean water. The only water source is the river which is far from us. An organization constructed for us the well many years back but unfortunately it was not working for the last two years due to problem in the hand pump which we could not solve technically and financially. There are diseases of typhoid, diarrhoea, bilharzias and malaria which are mainly because of unclean water. We hope the rehabilitation of the well will contribute in solving of these diseases in the village.
Author's imageAhmed Ali OmerBelet-Alkarim, Somalia

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